Knee pain can stem from damage to the muscles, ligaments, tendons and cartilage of the knee joint and can cause pain if these tissues are overused or receive an impact or other injury. The most common knee injuries are a tear to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) (which I have sustained in the past playing Rugby competitively for Bristol Youth in my teenage years), patellar tendon injury, damage to the tendon between the kneecap and femur (large thigh bone) – known as patellofemoral pain syndrome (PPS) or ‘runner’s knee’, and a tear to the cartilage (meniscus). A Baker’s cysts is also a common knee issue that can be caused by rheumatoid arthritis and/or osteoarthritis.
Knee pain must be treated conservatively regardless of the injury due to the complex influence the knee has from surrounding major joints. When treating the knee, it is vital to reduce all swelling using R.I.C.E (Rest. Ice. Compression. Elevation) in order to reduce the trauma deep within the knee joint. If the patient requires surgery to repair one of the main stabilising ligaments or meniscus; strengthening exercises may be necessary to prepare the patient before the procedure in order for them to not loose strength and muscle mass
One of the most common elbow injuries is Tennis Elbow. You don’t necessarily have to have been playing Tennis to sustain it and can be caused by repetitive overuse movements to the wrist extensors of the forearm, when this happens; little microscopic tears occur over time that lead to pain in the Elbow. The two most common symptoms of tennis elbow include pain on the outer part of the elbow and grip weakness. Other common symptoms are difficulty in opening a jar for example. In treating tennis elbow, it is important to consider reviewing the shoulders too as they hold a postural influence on the elbow joint. Deep tissue massage to the forearm muscles and regular stretching exercises are very important in the early stages of treatment. When the pain has been rectified it is then important to strengthen the entire arm as well as the unaffected arm to make sure the injury doesn’t happen again in the future